INTFILO: Journal Entry #2 (Group Report)

Intfilo midterms ppt

This was our group report for the intfilo midterms. It is where we answered the following questions :


  • What to you are the central themes in Plato’s allegory of the cave?  What are the ways by which the film closely resembles the allegory of the cave?  Conversely, what are the ways by which the film differs from it?


  • How does the mind separate false reality from true reality? Enumerate instances (key scenes) where the film clearly delineates “false” reality from “true” reality.
  • If someone can infiltrate your dreams in order to make you behave a certain way, do you really have free will? Is free will that easily manipulated?


  • Discuss how Cobb’s actions follow closely either some of the 4 Noble Truths or all of them.

The group’s answers are in the Powerpoint presentation attached to this post

Last Rowers Group

Gia Basa

Jason Go

Earvin Balingit de Pedro

Harvey Hernandez

Archie Trinidad

Kyle Villavecer


INTFILO: Journal #1

Part 1:

In Dr. Leni Garcia’s article “There and Back Again: Philosophy’s Journey From Mythos to Logos, and Back”, we can see how philosophy evolved and started. This article shows how myths gave way to our present mindset and how different people risked in thinking outside the beliefs of their time. It all started with curiosity on how the world came about.

In this article, we could see that eventually people became curious of how things came about. It all started when they began to question different phenomenon in their lives and about how the world came about. This started the philosophical pursuit of truth and reason on how things came about. This forced early philosophers to change their perspectives about the world. Their came different philosophers that expressed their beliefs. One of them is Thales, he claimed that the earth floated on water however; his claim could be traced that it was again connected to myth and his theory was because his god patron was Poseidon. This shows that philosophy could not be completely separated from myth. Although, stories of myths were criticized by many philosophers as something that lacks reason and truth, it showed different events in one’s life and it divided life and death.

It was until the time of Plato that myths were looked upon as something that can lead to the truth. For him, “philosophical myths” contains arguments and expresses existentialism. Example of this are stories that expresses the cycle of life. From the book “Exploring the Philosophical Terrain” it is said that” myth is a pre-philosophical mirror of existentialist thought, a liberation from excessive abstraction and objectivism, a primal, original and essential form of truth”

Dr. Leni Garcia’s article is a way of letting us think if myths still have a place in our present time. And that if myth can be accepted by present thinkers as a story that leads to truth.

Part 2: Own Created Mythical Story

There was once a young beautiful maiden that lived in a kingdom. Besides having two sisters, her beauty stands out in all three of them. She was visited by many men in different places because of her radiant beauty. People were really fond of her they praised her and worship her.

qweHowever, not everyone was pleased with her beauty. Her beauty was a threat to a God, Venus. The beauty of this young maiden made the temple of Venus empty and none of the men even worship her now. Venus’ anger to this young maiden made her a decision of punishing the girl by sending one of her sons to punish her. She sent her son to the maiden.

Unfortunately, even her son was in love with the radiant beauty of the maiden. At once, they were attached to each other and they had felt love with each other. This angered Venus so she had a plan that will further end the issue between the two.


One day as Venus played her plan into action, she appeared before the beautiful young maiden. She told her that her son was to be married to another woman and that their love was nothing but forbidden. She told the maiden that there was no point in continuing their love for each other because they could never be together. Also, that she was betrayed by her son because he didn’t tell you that he was to be married with someone else.

The maiden was indeed hurt with all the things that Venus said. She mourned and wished for her life to be ended. She didn’t know what to do and that resulted the maiden to end her life immediately knowing that she and her loved one could never be together. At once, the maiden had decided that she will take her life because her life has no purpose anymore. She grabbed a dagger and plunged it to her heart.

During the night, Venus’ son was to visit the maiden in her room. He was so happy bringing a ring gift to the maiden. However, he saw the maiden lifeless laying in her bed with a knife plunged into her heart. He was scourged with sadness and anger upon seeing his loved one lifeless.

He carried the maiden’s body, but even Asclepius could not revive him, though he applied drops of the gorgon’s blood to the lifeless lips. The maiden’s spirit had already descended to Asphodel Fields. He then went to his mother and confronted her, however; he couldn’t do anything because the maiden was already lifeless.

He mourned and took the maiden’s body and made it among the stars so that his mother would be reminded of her treachery and that he would also be reminded of the love he shared with a beautiful young maiden.

This story was inspired by:

Cupid and Psyche

Artemis and Orion



HUMALIT: The Storm



The Storm is a short story written by Kate Chopin. She authored many short stories about children and adults. The story starts with a violent storm which caused Bobinot and Bibi to stay in a store until the storm calms down. Meanwhile, in their house Calixta was sewing and she often stopped to wipe her face because of sweat. Then, she finally noticed that a storm was coming, she shut the windows and went outside to get Bobinot’s clothes. Outside their house she saw Alcee, a former lover. As the storm worsens Calixta invites Alcee inside their house which brought a sexual tension between the two. The two started their sexual act and as they say goodbye to each other, the storm calms and no one knows what happened between them. Calixta was happy and as soon as Bobinot and Bibi went home she prepared dinner and acted normal.

In our discussion we were asked whether Calixta’s action was morally wrong. Many of us said that it was morally wrong; however we didn’t have enough reasons in order to support our opinion. So, basically our morality depends on how we are taught as we grow up, we didn’t even question on why we were restricted in certain things. As we discuss this in class, Calixta’s action was not morally wrong because everyone was happy and they didn’t know about what has transpired in the house. Also, that Calixta satisfied her urges and she doesn’t feel guilty from what happened.

Another is that if Calixta had sexual acts with Alcee it doesn’t mean that she doesn’t love Bobinot. She just wanted to satisfy his urges so she was pushed to have sex with Alcee. Sex is different from Love; it doesn’t mean that if you have sex with someone you love them.

We all have our own views in life. What we see as good could be something bad for others. It is something that would depend in our perception and how we were taught as a child. In this case I think that Calixta didn’t do something wrong because they were all happy and at the same time she didn’t feel guilty. Furthermore, as soon as Bobinot and Bibi were back they acted normally and they continued to love and cherish each other.


HUMALIT: Ang Paglilitis ni Mang Serapio


“ Ang Paglilitis ni Mang Serapio” is a play written by Paul Dumol. It had similarities with the actual greek play, with its audience being the beggars and the other three main characters were the ones who were on stage and run the play.

In our discussion, we also compared the story of Mang Serapio with that of Oedipus the king where they were both intelligent and both have strained foot. The only difference with the two is that Oedipus was rich and Mang Serapio was poor.

The play was about a beggar named Mang Serapio that was held on trial without even knowing his crime. He was intelligent enough to question the prosecutors for what crime he did; however they refused to tell him until the latter part of the trial. The trial had a certain goal and that is to get Mang Serapio blinded with an ice pick. It was an unfair trial because they already made him guilty.

The readers would also get the idea that Mang Serapio was insane for claiming that the doll was his child but an insane person would not be aware of his crazy doings. On the other hand, Mang Serapio knew that his wife and daughter were dead and he knew that he had claimed the doll as his daughter. Furthermore, the doll was only a defense mechanism to aid his depression towards the death of his wife and his daughter. Also, after his daughter and his wife died his life was meaningless so, he decided to give purpose to his life. The insane here in the story were the persecutors and mainly the federacion because they claimed that it is a crime to take care of a child.

The play Mang Serapio shows the system of our country’s government. It showed how authorities are continuously manipulating men like Mang Serapio. It showed the corruption that was happening in the society and the power that allows the authorities to abuse what others have.

HUMALIT: The Red Wheelbarrow

The Red Wheelbarrow

William Carlos Williams

so much depends

a red wheel

glazed with rain

beside the white

The Red Wheelbarrow by William Carlos Williams shows a very different technique of writing a poem from all the past poems we had. The poem itself is very short but is concise in giving the image that it wanted the readers to imagine. When I read the poem I didn’t understand its meaning; however it made me imagine a red wheelbarrow in a farm that is unused. Upon reading the poem I came up with the message that it was trying to convey which is duty. It’s because of the line “so much depends upon” it gave me a feeling that the wheelbarrow was only waiting to be used in order to carry out its responsibilities.


Since the poem was very short and hard to understand I settled with what I had in mind which is the theme was duty. In addition, the poem added confusion because of the unusual pauses it had. Yes, it gave the image of a wheelbarrow that is unused but as our professor said, poems do describe nature but it’s always referring to an experience in life. So, the poem had a deeper meaning that I can’t understand. As we discussed the poem in class, I found out the wheelbarrow was actually broken. So, I was beginning to understand the poem bit by bit that the red wheelbarrow was left outside because it is broken and can’t be used.

The poem was giving a message on how humans feel when they are down and fail to satisfy someone. It is the same as the red wheelbarrow which is broken and cannot be used. Every one of us had this experience of failing whether it’s failing an exam or being heartbroken but as this happens life will goes on and we have no other choice but to move on further in our lives. I didn’t expect that this poem had so many messages on it simply because it was very short. Now, I’ve realized that it’s not measured in the length of the poem but on how the author wanted to convey the message to its readers.

HUMALIT: Valediction sa Hillcrest

For this week, we discussed the poem “Valediction sa Hillcrest” by Rolando S. Tinio. The poem was very unusual because it uses English and Tagalog. Furthermore, the poem was very interesting because it uses metaphors in order to reveal its true meaning. In the poem, the persona was feeling sentimental for leaving his place in the United States and going back to Tondo Manila.

The author used different things to emphasize and symbolize what the place means to him. As for example is the double-decker that he associated with the memories of his friends in that room. He also discussed that the room was something sacred meaning it was very important to him and the disturbance brought by the radiator is the symbol for an airplane. In other words the persona was being sentimental and he was having a hard time of deciding whether he would leave the place or stay. The poem was far more interesting than I thought and discussing it in class gave me more idea on how the persona is feeling towards leaving his place.

The situation is the persona is applicable in all of us. It is because when we become attached to a place we find it hard to leave and say goodbye to it. Furthermore, the feeling of emptiness was also showed in the poem when the persona saw his place empty without his things. The poem provides an example of the choices and decisions that we have to make in our lives. The author wanted to make us feel that whether what decision we make it is not the way of defining who we are. With his use of two different languages he showed that we had choices and we have to sacrifice one in order to decide and move on.

At the end of the poem I wasn’t expecting that the persona didn’t choose on staying in the United States or go to the Philippines. He instead chose to leave to another place. The author wanted to emphasize that whether we stay at the same place or not it doesn’t define who we are. The poem was very impressive because it made us realize that experiences define who we are and not the places that we stay in.

HUMALIT: My Papa’s Waltz


My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Roethke was given as an example of irony in class. The poem used waltz as its title which is a romantic dance between two persons. It was used in the poem in order to clearly show the irony.
By reading its title a reader would usually assume that the poem has a positive meaning. However, going through the poem we clearly analyzed that the poem was meant for a boy that was being beaten to death by his drunk dad. In the 1st stanza, we can see that his father was drunk and he beats him without any reason. “Such waltzing was not easy” of course being beaten is not a good feeling for the child. In the 2nd and the 3rd, we can see that the beating continuous and the boy was clearly incapable of fighting back so he had to go with it. Up to the last stanza the boy was being hit by his father and until the end the boy was thinking that the battering of his father will continue until he helplessly falls to sleep.

The author used waltz in order to describe the beating that the boy is going through. It is kind of weird comparing waltz with battering of the father to his child. Having the kid as the author, he was probably teasing his father that his beating was nothing more like a romantic dance which is a waltz.

HUMALIT: Python in the Mall

During the last meeting we listened to a song of Bob Dylan and a poem with a title I can’t remember. We had discussions about how a sound can affect a poem and give different meaning. Like one of the examples that had a very positive meaning but when combined with the sound the meaning was in fact a negative one. After that, we moved to the poem “Python in the Mall” by Marne L. Kilates.

Python in the Mall is a poem written by Marne L. Kilates that talks about an urban myth. It talks about a snake like creature that lives in a basement of Robinson’s Mall. Personally, I do not know the urban myth, but as I asked my mom she knew the story well and that there were celebrities that even confirmed the existence of this snake like creature. In the discussion, we had different versions of the story, one of these is that the snake like creature was the son of Gokongwei which he keeps isolated in the basement of the mall. In other versions it is said that the creature is the twin of Robina Gokongwei. The creature eats women that use the dressing rooms of the mall. The mirrors of the dressing room serve as his portal to the basement. I think that this urban myth spread fast during that time. Also, this story was confirmed by a celebrity, named Alice Dixon which makes this urban myth more interesting.

The poem was very interesting since it revolves around an urban legend. I think that this urban legend was believed to be true that time and it resulted to different versions because people tend to have different views about this creature; however, I do not believe this story. Furthermore, I think that this story is made up by the imagination of different people and to be exact no one has seen this creature in real life.

To be able to fully understand the poem we used the literary images and even analyze the sound the poem provided. In our discussion the dominant sound of the poem is letter “S” which represents the hissing of the snake. The sound also is related with the theme of the poem which is Consumerism.

All in all, the entire poem was great and interesting. The way Marne Kilates played with the sound and literary images provided the full grasp of the idea about the myth. It also provides how the myth of the snake like creature in Robinson’s Mall goes.

HUMALIT Valediction: Forbidding Mourning

Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a great poem written by John Donne that shows his love for this certain someone. At first, I thought that the poem was about death mainly because of the first stanza that was referring to the acceptance of death. However, as we go deeper the poem is actually meant for someone that he loves. It was to help his loved one to overcome the fear that their loved could vanish with the distance between them.

The poem made a different perspective of love that we all knew. All I know is that love can be strengthen and kept because couples are always together, never far from each other. However, the author, John Donne was trying to help us realize that love cannot vanish over the distance between two lovers. With the use of his poem he made us realize that distance can only make the love between couples stronger and more intense. As I read the whole poem I was able to understand different things that he used in order to give definition for love. As for a romantic poem I was expecting for different things like heart, letter, flower etc. But John Donne made this amazing comparison of love; he compared love with gold not for its value but for its malleability. In addition, he also compared love with a compass. With the use of the compass, John Donne ensures that there is no reason for crying because he will definitely come back to her. It was amazing that he gave definition for love with these things that are not related with it.

I think the poem was great despite the fact that I was confused with the way he represents love. The poem can be applied in different situations in life just like now that there are people all over the world that are miles away from their loved ones. This poem also helped me change my perspective of love. Before, I thought that love wouldn’t last if lovers are far from each other and now I have realized that if you truly loved someone you have to endure that distance.  It is just a sacrifice you have to make in order to keep that love for someone. Furthermore, each of us has our own purpose in life so we can’t always be together. We have to trust each other and in the end we can long for that embrace or kiss from our loved one and we can return to them.